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Overview: IDEA General Supervision & Monitoring

Each state must have a General Supervision System to monitor the implementation of IDEA. The General Supervision System documents the state's accountability for enforcing the implementation of IDEA and ensuring continuous improvement which results in:

  • Improved educational and functional outcomes for all children with disabilities.

  • Each entity responsible for educating children with disabilities meets IDEA program requirements.


The Eight Components of General Supervision

There are eight components of a General Supervision System:

  1. Fiscal Management

  2. Integrated Monitoring

  3. Sustaining Compliance and Improvement

  4. Implementation of Policies and Procedures

  5. Technical Assistance and Professional Development

  6. Dispute Resolution

  7. Data

  8. State Performance Plan (SPP) and Annual Performance Report (APR)


Policies & Procedures

The state must have policies and procedures in effect that document compliance with the monitoring requirements in IDEA (See IDEA Regulations §300.606 through 300.608). Further, the state must use quantifiable indicators to adequately measure performance in priority areas. The current priority areas include:

 1. The provision on FAPE in the least restrictive environment.

 2. The state’s general supervision system and effective monitoring of,

  • Child find

  • Resolution meetings

  • Mediation

  • A system of transition services

 3. Disproportionate representation of racial and ethnic groups in special education, when representation is the result of inappropriate identification. (§300.600)


Data & Indicators

The IDEA Part B regulations at 34 CFR §300.600(c) require each state education agency (SEA) to use quantifiable (numerical) data and qualitative (words) descriptors to adequately measure performance in priority areas and the indicators established by the U.S. Secretary of Education for State Performance Plans (SPP). 


The Secretary has identified 17 indicators for Part B, often referred to as the SPP/APR indicators, to measure SEA and local education agency (LEA) performance against IDEA regulations.



Targets are set for certain priority areas and indicators. The targets set are related to:

  • disproportionality

  • evaluation timelines

  • early childhood transition

  • secondary transition

  • correction of noncompliance

  • state complaint timelines

  • due process timelines


Every year, SEAs must submit an Annual Performance Report (APR) to report the quantitative and qualitative data on progress toward the 100% target, or compliance with, all Part B 17 indicators.

More Information

The requirement for the states' general supervision systems and the Department of Education's authority to collect data from states can be found in Sections 616 and 618 of Public Law 108-446 (IDEA '04).

Click here to read the IDEA Statute (PL 108-446) 

Click here to learn more about Sections 616 and 618


Read the General Supervision Regulations

Click here to review entire Subpart F-Monitoring, Enforcement, Confidentiality, and Program Information; Monitoring, Technical Assistance, and Enforcement;

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