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Requirements: Sections 611, 616 & 618

Click here to read PL 108-446. 

Section 611: Technical Assistance to Meet Requirements

In 2004, Congress added Section 611(c) to IDEA, which gave the Secretary of Education the authority to reserve up to one-half of 1 percent of the amounts appropriated under Part B of the IDEA for each fiscal year to provide TA under IDEA Section 616(i), where needed, to improve the capacity of States to meet the IDEA data collection requirements.

The OSEP currently supports several TA centers using 611 funds. In 2019, examples include:

  • The Center for IDEA Early Childhood Data Systems (DaSy) (website)

  • The IDEA Data Center (IDC) (website

  • The Center for the Integration of IDEA Data (CIID) (website)

  • The Center for IDEA Fiscal Reporting (CIFR) (website)

  • The National Center for Systemic Improvement (NCSI) (website)

  • The National Technical Assistance Center for Transition: The Collaborative (NTACT:C) (website)

  • The National Center for Educational Outcomes (NCEO) (website)

  • The EDFacts Technical Support Services II contract (jointly funded with the National Center for Education Statistics)

To learn more about OSEP-funded TA Centers, click here.


Section 616: Data Analysis

Section 616 is often referred to as the "public reporting requirements".

In 2004, Congress also added Section 616 to IDEA to require States to submit to OSERS (the office wherein OSEP resides) and make available to the public, a state performance plan (SPP) and an annual performance report (APR) with data on how each State implements both Part B and C of the IDEA to improve outcomes for infants, toddlers, children, and youth with disabilities.


Section 618: State Data Collection

Section 618 of the IDEA requires each state to submit data about:

  1. infants and toddlers who receive early-intervention services under Part C of the IDEA

  2. children with disabilities who receive special education and related services under Part B of the IDEA.

There are 12 data collections authorized under Section 618 of the IDEA.


Under Part C:

  • child count

  • settings

  • exiting

  • dispute resolution

Under Part B:

  • child count

  • educational environments

  • personnel

  • exiting

  • discipline

  • assessment

  • dispute resolution

  • maintenance of effort reduction/ coordinated early intervening services

See the Annual Activities (Calendar) page for more information about data reporting requirements.


Additional Readings

OSEP IDEA Section 618 Data Products Home Page



IDEA gives OSEP the authority to collect data from states for the purposes of:

  • monitoring compliance of implementation of special education programs

  • analyze the use of IDEA to improve outcomes for students with disabilities 

  • determine the technical assistance OSEP will provide states to meet IDEA requirements

The authority is outlined in Sections 616, 618, and 611 of Public Law 108-446 (IDEA).

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